Evidence of charge-ordering and broken rotational symmetry in magic angle twisted bilayer graphene. (arXiv:1904.10153v1 [cond-mat.mes-hall])
The discovery of correlated electronic phases, including a Mott-like insulator and superconductivity, in twisted bilayer graphene (TBLG) near the magic angle, and their intriguing similarity to high-temperature cuprate superconductors, has spurred a surge of research activity to uncover the underlying physical mechanism. Local spectroscopy which is capable of accessing the symmetry and spatial distribution of the spectral function can provide essential clues towards unraveling this puzzle. Here we use scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy in TBLG near the magic angle to visualize the local density of states (DOS) and charge distribution. Doping the sample close to charge neutrality, where transport measurements revealed the emergence of correlated electronic phases, we find as a precursor to the superconducting state a charge-ordered phase that breaks the rotational symmetry of the underlying lattice. The charge modulation shows a d-wave local symmetry and a global charge ordered striped phase that resembles the charge ordering in hole-doped cuprates, providing new evidence which links the electronic structures of these two systems.
Published : "arXiv Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics".