Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Reduced graphene oxide, in various configurations has been extensively researched as field effect transistor (FET) biosensor, but they usually exhibit low signal to noise ratio. In this paper, we report the fabrication of low noise FET biosensors with electrochemically reduced graphene oxide(ERGO) on fluorine doped tin oxide(FTO) glass, directly by electrochemical reduction of GO in solution. It has been observed that the sensor is capable of detecting down to1 fM concentration of Hep-B in serum with a dynamic range from 1 fM to 20 pM, linearity of around 95% and current sensitivity of 1.21 mA. Moreover, the signal to noise ratio is around 80 in serum, which is enhanced by more than one order of magnitude compared to the most sensitive reports. Further, the presence of Hep-B can be confirmed by the Lorentzian nature of noise spectra, which makes the detection more precise. The combined advantages of low cost and clean fabrication coupled with sensitive and reliable performance renders the device suitable for point of care diagnostics.
Published in: "Journal of the Electrochemical Society".