Wafer-scale fabrication of 2D van der Waals heterojunctions for efficient and broadband photodetection. (arXiv:1803.04695v1 [cond-mat.mes-hall])
A variety of fabrication methods for van der Waals heterostructures have been demonstrated; however, their wafer-scale deposition remains a challenge. Here we report few-layer van der Waals PtS2/PtSe2 heterojunction photodiodes fabricated on a 2″ SiO2/Si substrate that is only limited by the size of work chamber of the growth equipment, offering throughputs necessary for practical applications. Theoretical simulation results show that the bandgap of PtS2 is shrunk to half of its original size in the PtS2/PtSe2 heterostructures, while PtSe2 exhibits a limited response to the coupling. Both PtSe2 and PtS2 layers in the coupled system are still semiconductors. Dynamic photovoltaic switching in the heterojunctions is observed at zero-volt state under laser illuminations of 532 to 2200 nm wavelengths. The PtS2/PtSe2 photodiodes show excellent characteristics in terms of a high photoresponsivity of 361 mAW-1, an external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 84%, and a fast response speed (66 ms). The wafer-scale production of 2D photodiodes in this work accelerates the possibility of 2D materials for practical applications in the next-generation energy-efficient electronics.
Published : "arXiv Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics".