Optical harmonic generation in monolayer group-VI transition metal dichalcogenides. (arXiv:1808.09494v1 [physics.optics])

//Optical harmonic generation in monolayer group-VI transition metal dichalcogenides. (arXiv:1808.09494v1 [physics.optics])

Monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) exhibit high nonlinear optical (NLO) susceptibilities. Experiments on MoS$_2$ have indeed discovered very large second-order ($chi^{(2)}$) and third-order ($chi^{(3)}$) optical susceptibilities. However, third harmonic generation of other layered TMDs has not been reported. Further, the reported $chi^{(2)}$ and $chi^{(3)}$ of MoS$_2$ vary by several orders of magnitude, and a reliable quantitative comparison of optical nonlinearities across different TMDs has remained elusive. Here, we demonstrate third harmonic generation in WSe$_2$, MoSe$_2$ and WS$_2$, and three-photon photoluminescence in TMDs for the first time. We also report the first experimental study of $chi^{(2)}$ and $chi^{(3)}$ of four common TMD materials (MoS2, MoSe2, WS2 and WSe2) by placing different TMD flakes in close proximity to each other on a common substrate, allowing their NLO properties to be accurately obtained from a single measurement. $chi^{(2)}$ and $chi^{(3)}$ of the four monolayer TMDs have been compared, indicating that they exhibit distinct NLO responses. We further present theoretical simulations of these susceptibilities in qualitative agreement with the measurements. Our results of comparatively studying the NLO responses of different two-dimensional layered materials allow us to select the best candidates for atomic-scale nonlinear photonic applications, such as frequency conversion and all-optical signal processing.

Published : "arXiv Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics".

2018-08-30T04:30:21+00:00August 30th, 2018|Categories: Publications|Tags: , , , |
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