Van der Waals heterostructures of 2D materials provide a powerful approach towards engineering various quantum phases of matters. Examples include topological matters such as quantum spin Hall (QSH) insulator, and correlated matters such as exciton superfluid. It can be of great interest to realize these vastly different quantum matters on a common platform, however, their distinct origins tend to restrict them to material systems of incompatible characters. Here we show that heterobilayers of two-dimensional valley semiconductors can be tuned through interlayer bias between an exciton superfluid (ES), a quantum anomalous Hall (QAH) insulator, and a QSH insulator. The tunability between these distinct phases results from the competition of Coulomb interaction with the interlayer quantum tunnelling that has a chiral form in valley semiconductors. Our findings point to exciting opportunities for harnessing both protected topological edge channels and bulk superfluidity in an electrically configurable platform.

Published in: "arXiv Material Science".