Group V element analogues of graphene have attracted a lot attention recently due to their semiconducting band structures, which make them promising for next generation electronic and optoelectronic devices based on two-dimensional materials. Theoretical investigations predict high electron mobility, large band gaps, band gap tuning by strain, formation of topological phases, quantum spin Hall effect at room temperature, and superconductivity amongst others. Here, we report a successful formation of freestanding like monolayer arsenene on Ag(111). This was concluded from our experimental atomic and electronic structure data by comparing to results of our theoretical calculations. Arsenene forms a buckled honeycomb layer on Ag(111) with a lattice constant of 3.6 {AA} showing an indirect band gap of about 1.4 eV as deduced from the position of the Fermi level pinning.

Published in: "arXiv Material Science".