Instead of the commonly used chemical doping, it can be more favorable to consider transforming graphene through proximity effects by carefully choosing its adjacent regions. While gate-tunable room-temperature spin-dependent properties could be induced in graphene by magnetic proximity effects from common metallic ferromagnets, this approach is complicated by chemical bonding between a metal and graphene suggesting the need for an intervening buffer layer. However, even with a buffer layer there is still a large energy shift of the Dirac cone in graphene away from the Fermi level. Compared to such a large negative shift and its resulting $n$-doping when graphene is separated from cobalt by a monolayer h-BN or another layer of graphene, we show that it can be favorable to instead separate graphene by a monolayer of gold or platinum. The resulting proximity induced magnetization is larger, energy shift is somewhat reduced and changes its sign, offering a path for proximity-induced spin polarization in graphene which can be tuned at smaller gate-controlled electric field than for the h-BN buffer layer.

Published in: "arXiv Material Science".