Two dimensional crystals in three dimensions: electronic decoupling of single-layered platelets in colloidal nanoparticles. (arXiv:1811.05238v1 [cond-mat.mtrl-sci])
Two-dimensional crystals, single sheets of layered materials, often show distinct properties desired for optoelectronic applications, such as larger and direct band gaps, valley- and spinorbit effects. Being atomically thin, the low amount of material is a bottleneck in photophysical and photochemical applications. Here, we propose the formation of stacks of two-dimensional crystals intercalated with small surfactant molecules. We show, using first principles calculations, that already the very short surfactant methyl amine electronically decouples the layers. We demonstrate the indirect-direct band gap transition characteristic for Group 6 transition metal dichalcogenides experimentally by observing the emergence of a strong photoluminescence signal for ethoxide-intercalated WSe2 and MoSe2 multilayered nanoparticles with lateral size of about 10 nm and beyond. The proposed hybrid materials offer the highest possible density of the two-dimensional crystals with electronic properties typical for monolayers. Variation of the surfactant’s chemical potential allows fine-tuning of electronic properties and potentially elimination of trap states caused by defects.
Published in: "arXiv Material Science".