Topological Type-II Dirac Fermions Approaching the Fermi Level in a Transition Metal Dichalcogenide NiTe2. (arXiv:1808.07610v1 [cond-mat.str-el])
Type-II Dirac/Weyl semimetals are characterized by strongly tilted Dirac cones such that the Dirac/Weyl node emerges at the boundary of electron and hole pockets as a new state of quantum matter, distinct from the standard Dirac/Weyl points with a point-like Fermi surface which are referred to as type-I nodes. The type-II Dirac fermions were recently predicted by theory and have since been confirmed in experiments in the PtSe2-class of transition metal dichal-cogenides. However, the Dirac nodes observed in PtSe2, PdTe2 and PtTe2 candidates are quite far away from the Fermi level, making the signature of topological fermions obscure as the physical properties are still dominated by the non-Dirac quasiparticles. Here we report the synthesis of a new type-II Dirac semimetal NiTe2 in which a pair of type-II Dirac nodes are located very close to the Fermi level. The quantum oscillations in this material reveal a nontrivial Berry’s phase associated with these Dirac fermions. Our first principles calculations further unveil a topological Dirac cone in its surface states. Therefore, NiTe2 may not only represent an improved system to formulate the theoretical understanding of the exotic consequences of type-II Dirac fermions, it also facilitates possible applications based on these topological carriers.
Published in: "arXiv Material Science".