InSe, a newly rediscovered two-dimensional (2D) semiconductor, possesses superior electrical and optical properties as a direct bandgap semiconductor with high mobility from bulk to atomically thin layers, drastically different from transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) in which the direct bandgap only exists at the single layer limit. However, absorption in InSe is mostly dominated by an out-of-plane dipole contribution which results in the limited absorption of normally incident light which can only excite the in-plane dipole at resonance. To address this challenge, we have explored a unique geometric ridge state of the 2D flake without compromising the sample quality. We observed the enhanced absorption at the ridge over a broad range of excitation frequencies from photocurrent and photoluminescence (PL) measurements. In addition, we have discovered new PL peaks at low temperature due to defect states on the ridge, which can be as much as ~ 60 times stronger than the intrinsic PL peak of InSe. Interestingly, the PL of the defects is highly tunable through an external electrical field, which can be attributed to the Stark effect of the localized defects. InSe ridges thus provide new avenues for manipulating light-matter interaction and defect-engineering which are vitally crucial for novel optoelectronic devices based on 2D semiconductors.
Published : "arXiv Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics".