Two-dimensional semiconductors have emerged as a new class of materials for nanophotonics for their strong exciton-photon interaction and flexibility for engineering and integration. Taking advantage of these properties, we engineer an efficient lasing medium based on dipolar interlayer excitons, in rotationally aligned atomically thin heterostructures. Lasing is measured from a transition metal dichalcogenide hetero-bilayer integrated in a silicon nitride grating resonator. A sharp increase in the spatial coherence of the emission was observed across the lasing threshold. The work establishes interlayer excitons in two-dimensional heterostructures as a silicon-compatible coherent medium. With electrically tunable light-matter interaction strength and long-range dipolar interactions, these interlayer excitons promise both applications to low-power, ultrafast laser and modulators and rich many-body quantum phenomena.
Published : "arXiv Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics".